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Everything you always wanted to know about Pizza.

Whether it is called “pita” (Greece) or “flammekueche” (widespread among German-speaking populations) or “rieska” (in Finland), the ingredients on which this type of white bread is prepared, Of rounded and flattened form are always the same: flour, water and salt.

This variety of bread, used as a base for seasoning or stuffing with the ingredients typical of the local cuisine, is present on almost all European tables, although it is in the Mediterranean region that it is best represented with The Greek “pita” and the Arabic “kebab”. The Italian “pizza” belongs to the same family. The origin of its name is still uncertain, although there are two major hypotheses: the first is that the word “pizza” comes from the Greek “pita”; The second is that its name would derive from the past participle of the Latin verb “pinsere” (“flatten”), to indicate the gesture of flattening the dough accomplished during its preparation.

If its etymology remains uncertain, it is not the case of its place of birth: it is Naples. Or, more precisely, from Torre del Greco, a district on the outskirts of Naples, where, in the first century, the Saracens introduced the pizza to the spelled that they used to consume during one of their incursions. Thereafter, the wheat flour was substituted for the spelled and thus the first pizza was born, white, with oil and garlic. It was only after the discovery of America that the tomato joined the other ingredients and the first pizza with tomato dates from the sixteenth century. Thus, pizza, thanks to its long journey, from its departure from the Middle East to its return from the New World, has become the consumed product in the whole world that we know today.


Nowadays, pizza comes in endless forms, just have a little imagination and a good choice of ingredients available. But originally there were only three variants: white pizza with oil and garlic, marinara (tomato, oil, garlic and oregano) and margherita (tomato, mozzarella and oil). The incontestable flavor of the margherita is known to all, but few are probably those who know the anecdote behind this dish. In the summer of 1889, the Italian king Umberto I and his wife, Queen Margherita of Savoy, went to spend their holidays in Naples at the palace of Capodimonte, and the queen, intrigued by this dish adored by the Neapolitans, At the Court the pizzaiolo Raffaele Esposito and his wife, Rosa. The couple prepared a pizza with tomato, mozzarella and basil to pay tribute to the Italian tricolor flag. In honor of the Queen, who, according to the chronicles of the time, appreciated the recipe very much, the pizzaiolo Esposito decided to call it “Margherita”. This is how legend explains the origin of the margherita, queen of pizzas.